World Social Justice Day 2021: Theme & Significance

New Delhi: World Day Of Social Justice is observed every year on February 20. Social justice refers to equal opportunities, distribution of wealth, healthcare facilities and privileges within a society.

The theme of World Day Of Social Justice 2021 is “A Call for Social Justice in the Digital Economy”.

The advancements in technology made over the past decade have helped human beings traverse the tricky landscape of a world wrecked by Covid-19. Workers were able to take their work home because of what the UN calls ‘digital labour platforms’ which provided “workers with income-generating opportunities and benefits from flexible work arrangements”. However, this has also exacerbated issues of the regularity of work and income, the right to form or join trade unions, and hampered skill utilization.

The key principles of social Justice are:

  • Access to resources
  • Equity
  • Participation
  • Diversity
  • Human Rights

The concept of social justice first emerged in the 19th century when the wide disparities in wealth and amenities perpetuated through the social structure of the times. During the Industrial Revolution, philosophers and activists first attempted to promote equality and stop exploitation of marginalized people.

The United Nations (UN) General Assembly (GA) recognises that social development cannot be ensured in the absence of social justice. On November 26, 2007, the GA declared that February 20 will be celebrated annually as the World Day of Social Justice. The purpose of this day is to recognise in letter and spirit that even though the world is moving ahead through cooperation and innovation, social inequality still persists.