Bhubaneswar: The National level Handloom Expo organised by Handlooms, Textiles & Handicrafts Department begin from 26th January at IDCO Exhibition Ground. Every day Expo is dedicated for celebration based on a theme like Tassar Day, Bomkai Day etc. Tassar Day was celebrated on 27th January. This Expo will continue till 23rd February.
India has the unique distinction of being only country in the world producing all varieties of Silk – Mulberry, Tassar, Eri and Muga. Tassar Silk (Kosa in Sanskrit) is one of the most exquisite yarns of Odisha. The yarn is obtained from silkworms found mostly in wild forests that do not breed on mulberry trees but on local trees like Sal, Asan and Arjun. For this reason, it is also known as “Wild Silk”.
Tassar culture is wildly practised by tribal of Odisha. Tassar is highly valued for its natural dull Gold colours, which make them a great choice for Indian weddings. One of its biggest advantages is its property to refract two different shades at different angles. This unique feature makes the wearer of tassar silk stand out easily in a crowd, as every movement is beautifully highlighted in a merry dance of colours. Women of all age groups love the fabric, and today it finds a place in the wardrobes of young females in the form of contemporary and stylish designs.
Tassar silk is a lot more textured than any other variety of Silk. The fabric is also cooler than the other varieties and is a lot more porous, therefore, breathable. Being light and cooler than the other varieties of Silk makes Tassar extremely wearable in warmer parts of the world. The test of a genuine Tassar saree is to burn the edges slightly. If it smells like burnt hair rather than just leaving a solid residue, you know you have an original Tassar. Dry cleaning is the safest option for Tassar clothes.
Odisha being one of the major tassar producing state in the country has got the rich tradition of weaving tassar fabrics of better texture and luster in comparison to tassar product of other state. Tassar sarees have a special place in the domestic life and normally used during various pujas (festive occasions). The sarees are designed both on tie-dye and also in extra warp and weft designs.
Gopalpur in Jajpur district, Makidia in Balasore district, Fakirpur in Keonjhar district and Dihirakul in Mayurbhanj district are the main weaving areas of tassar in the North East part of the state.