Mortgage Financier HDFC Ltd Merged With HDFC Bank


Mumbai: The National Company Law Tribunal’s (NCLT’s) Mumbai Bench on Friday approved the merger of mortgage financier HDFC Ltd into HDFC Bank, paving the way for one of the largest financial behemoths in India.

The merger already has approvals from the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) and the Competition Commission of India (CCI), shareholders of both entities. It has also approval from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and the two stock exchanges.

The merger of the two entities was announced in April 2022, wherein HDFC Investments Ltd and HDFC Holdings Ltd, which are wholly owned subsidiaries of HDFC, would merge with and into HDFC Ltd. Then HDFC would merge with HDFC Bank. Regulatory approvals have come earlier than the 15 to 18 months envisaged.

While all approvals are in place now, HDFC Bank is still awaiting clarity from the RBI on the forbearances it has sought.

HDFC Bank has requested the RBI for a phased-in approach to meet the SLR (statutory liquidity ratio)/ CRR (cash reserve ratio) and priority sector lending (PSL) requirements, and grandfathering of certain assets and liabilities and in respect of some subsidiaries. The bank has asked the RBI for two-three years to be compliant with the CRR/SLR, and PSL requirements of existing assets of HDFC. HDFC, an NBFC, does not have CRR/SLR and priority sector obligations like banks.

It has also asked the RBI to permit it to hold a 50 per cent stake in HDFC Life, the life insurance subsidiary of HDFC, which will become the bank’s subsidiary after the merger.

Currently, HDFC holds around 48 per cent in HDFC Life, 50 per cent in HDFC Ergo General Insurance, and 52.60 per cent in HDFC Asset Management Company.

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