New Delhi: India celebrates Engineer’s Day to commemorate the birth anniversary of the greatest Indian Engineer, Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, on September 15 every year. Engineer’s Day is celebrated to pay rich tributes to Bharat Ratna Visvesvaraya who was regarded as the ‘Father of Modern Mysore’.
A prolific civic engineer, educationist, economist, scholar of the 20th century, Visvesvaraya made significant contributions in the field of engineering. However, UNESCO celebrates World Engineer’s Day on March 4 annually. Engineer’s Day is observed to acknowledge the efforts of various engineers who have made contributions in this field to make our present lives comfortable.
This year, the theme of Engineer’s Day is ‘Engineering for A Healthy Planet- Celebrating the UNESCO Engineering Report’.
In 1968, the Indian government declared M Visvesvaraya’s birth anniversary as Engineers’ Day. Since then, this day is celebrated to honour and acknowledge all engineers who have contributed and still do so to build a modern and developed India.
In 1903, Sir M Visvesvaraya designed and patented automatic barrier water floodgates. Also called Block System, it had automated doors that close in the event of water overflow. It was first installed at the Khadakvasla reservoir in Pune.
Born in a small village near Chikkaballapur in Karnataka in 1861, Sir M Visvesvaraya studied Bachelor of Arts at Madras University and did his civil engineering from Pune’s College of Science. In 1917, he established the Government Engineering College, now known as Bengaluru’s University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering.
Visvesvaraya received the Bharat Ratna in 1955 and was also conferred the British knighthood. He served as Diwan of Mysore from 1912 to 1918. On Engineer’s Day, the nation pays tribute to Sir M Visvesvaraya.