Google honours Persian mathematician Omar Khayyam on his 971st birth anniv


New Delhi: Google celebrated the 971st birth anniversary of renowned Persian mathematician, astronomer, and poet Omar Khayyam with a doodle on Saturday.

Khayyam was born on May 18, 1048, in Nishapur in north-east Iran.

Khayyam is popular for several mathematical and scientific discoveries.

He was the first to provide a solution for cubic equations. The mathematician has also provided geometric solutions for the same by the intersection of comics.

Besides mathematics and philosophy, Khayyam has also contributed to Literature. His poetry and verses (also known as ‘Rubáiyát’) are popular even today. He wrote over a thousand verses. A section of his work, ‘Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám’, translated by Edward Fitzgerald, gained immense popularity in the western world after his death.

Khayyam’s list of contributions also included a solar calendar near-precise 33-year intercalation cycle, known as the Jalali calendar. Jalali later became the base of many other calendars.

Khayyam, one of the most renowned scholars of his time, also worked as a court astrologer and advisor of Malik Shah I in Khorasan province. One of his most important contributions to algebra was the ‘Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra’.

He also founded a triangular array of binomial coefficients and Pascal’s triangle. Khayyam penned a book on music and algebra named ‘Problems of Arithmetic’.

Khayyam passed away on December 04, 1131 at the age of 83. He was buried in the Khayyam Garden.

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