Golden Rules To Keep Your Kidneys Healthy


New Delhi: Kidneys are important for your overall health as these help in filtration of fluids. A healthy diet and lifestyle can contribute to the proper functioning of the kidneys. Here are some steps you should follow.

Keep Active and fit: Regular physical activity, be it walking, running, cycling or even dancing are great for your general health. This helps to reduce your blood pressure and boost heart health, both of which are important to maintaining kidney health and reducing the risk of chronic kidney disease.

Control of blood sugars: Diabetic patients may develop kidney damage if they have uncontrolled blood sugars. The kidneys of these patients are forced to work extra hard to filter their blood, which if carried on over years can lead to irreversible damage to the kidneys. If the sugars are controlled and kept in the range, the risk of kidney damage is reduced. If the kidney damage is identified in the early stages by screening methods, your doctor can prescribe you medications which can prevent or reduce additional damage to the kidneys.

Control of blood pressure: High blood pressure, just like diabetes can cause chronic kidney damage. If your blood pressure is consistently above 140/90mm Hg, you have hypertension. You should practice lifestyle modifications like reducing salt intake, regular exercise, and relaxation techniques and consult your doctor regarding the requirement of medications to keep the blood pressure under control.

Eat healthy and keep your weight in check: People who are obese are at higher risk for developing a number of health conditions including heart and kidney diseases. A healthy diet that is low in sodium, processed food and red meat helps in reducing the risk of kidney damage. Fresh fruits and vegetables along with whole grains should be a must in your diet.

Stay Hydrated: Drink plenty of fluid especially if you are working outdoors and in summers. Regular drinking of water keeps you hydrated and helps your kidneys to remove excess sodium and waste products from your body. Drink at least 8 glasses of water, which amounts to 1.5-2.0 litres of water in a day.

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