New Delhi: Children’s Day is celebrated across India on November 14, the birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru.
The celebration of Children’s Day or Bal Diwas in India dates back to 1956 and is a day to increase awareness about the rights and education of the children.
On this day, schools and colleges host cultural programs, functions, and events. Many times, teachers also participate in these functions in order to show their love and affection for children.
In India, November 14 started being celebrated as Children’s Day only after Nehru’s demise in 1964. Prior to this, much like other countries, Children’s Day was celebrated on November 20, which is Universal Children’s Day as declared by the United Nations.
After his death in 1964, a resolution was passed in the parliament to give him a befitting farewell and it was unanimously decided to celebrate his birthday as Bal Diwas or Children’s Day in India.
As India remembers one of its most iconic leaders, we take a look at 5 books that one must read on him to have a better insight of Pandit Nehru.
Jawaharlal Nehru’s an Autobiography: Published in 1936 and written by Nehru while he was in prison, the book ran nine editions in its first year alone. The book traces his path towards taking up civil disobedience and subsequent imprisonment.
The Discovery of India: The book was written by India’s first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru during his imprisonment in 1942–1946 at Ahmednagar fort in Maharashtra, India by the British during the British Raj before the independence of India.
Letters from a Father to His Daughter: A collection of 30 letters by Nehru in 1928 to his then 10-year-old daughter Indira, they were educational pieces on natural and human history. Indira Gandhi, at that time, was studying in Mussoorie while Nehru was in Allahabad.
Nehru: A Political Biography: Written by Michaell Brecher, and first published in 1959, the book, apart from being a biography of the leader is also a political history of India over the forty years of Nehru’s involvement in the freedom movement and the politics of the formative years of Indian nationhood.
Nehru: The Invention Of India: Written by Sashi Tharoor, the short biography is an exploration of one of twentieth-century nationalism’s great figures. it tells the fascinating story of Jawaharlal Nehru-aristocrat, socialist, anti-imperialist, the foremost disciple of Gandhi, diehard secularist and India’s first prime minister, who sought to educate the Indian masses in democracy by his own personal example.
Reminiscences of the Nehru Age: Written by M O Mathai, the book talks about his experiences while working as the private secretary to India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru. The book is divided into 49 chapters focusing on Nehru’s work and personal life and some of the people that Mathai met while working with Nehru.