Nobel Prize 2018: Arthur Ashkin, Gérard Mourou, Donna Strickland win in physics

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Stockholm: Arthur Ashkin (USA), Gérard Mourou (France) and Donna Strickland (Canada) won the Nobel Prize 2018 in physics on Tuesday for “groundbreaking inventions in the field of laser physics”, as decided by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

As per the official Twitter handle of the Nobel Prize, Dr. Ashkin has been awarded the Prize “for the optical tweezers and their application to biological systems,” while Dr. Mourou and Dr. Strickland have been awarded “for their method of generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses.”

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The physics prize honours researchers for discoveries, in phenomena as enormous as ‘The Big Bang’ and as tiny as single particles of light. The $1.01 million reward will be shared by three people, decided the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

Last year’s physics prize went to three Americans who used abstruse theory and ingenious equipment design to detect the faint ripples in the universe called gravitational waves.

On Monday, American James Allison and Japan’s Tasuku Honjo won the Nobel medicine prize for groundbreaking work in fighting cancer with the body’s own immune system.

The Nobel chemistry prize will be announced on Wednesday, followed by the peace prize on Friday. The economics prize will be announced on October 8.

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